Can philosophy provide an interpretive framework for neuroscientific studies?

The results provided by scientific measurement have no meaning unless interpreted within a given framework. So, one may ask: how conclusive are today studies in neuroscience? Is there only one way to ‘read’ the results of a brain scan? Is it easy to distinguish causality from a mere correlation? Is a ‘geography’ of cerebral zones still meaningful? Is it possible to link an explanation of the person that appeals to neural causes to another one that looks for motives or reasons?